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Training eases stress, strain of deployed duties for EOD Airmen

FORT CARSON, Colo. -- EOD technicians from the 21st Civil Engineer Squadron search for unexploded ordnance on a mock forward operating base during a training exercise Jan. 10 at Fort Carson. Exercises like this are designed to expose Airmen to the physical and mental fatigue experienced while deployed. The Airmen from the 21st EOD flight use the training learned in these exercises to fulfill their role as a defensive force at home and while deployed. (U.S. Air Force photo/Staff Sgt. J. Aaron Breeden)

EOD technicians from the 21st Civil Engineer Squadron search for unexploded ordnance on a mock forward operating base during a training exercise at Fort Carson, Colo., Jan. 10, 2013. Exercises like this are designed to expose Airmen to the physical and mental fatigue experienced while deployed. The Airmen from the 21st Civil Engineer Squadron flight apply lessons learned in these exercises to fulfill their role as a defensive force at home and while deployed. (U.S. Air Force photo/Staff Sgt. J. Aaron Breeden)

FORT CARSON, Colo. -- Staff Sgt. Jeremy Redfern, 21st Civil Engineer Squadron EOD technician, enters a building to remove unexploded ordnance and render the area safe during a training exercise Jan. 10 at Fort Carson. Exercises like this are designed to expose Airmen to the physical and mental fatigue experienced while deployed. The Airmen from the 21st EOD flight use the training learned in these exercises to fulfill their role as a defensive force at home and while deployed. (U.S. Air Force photo/Staff Sgt. J. Aaron Breeden)

Staff Sgt. Jeremy Redfern enters a building to remove unexploded ordnance and render the area safe during a training exercise at Fort Carson, Colo., Jan. 10, 2013. Exercises like this are designed to expose Airmen to the physical and mental fatigue experienced while deployed. The Airmen from the 21st Civil Engineer Squadron use these training exercises to fulfill their role as a defensive force at home and while deployed. (U.S. Air Force photo/Staff Sgt. J. Aaron Breeden)

FORT CARSON, Colo. -- Staff Sgt. Jeremy Redfern, 21st Civil Engineer Squadron EOD technician, works to remove an unexploded ordnance from a building floor using a 'hook and line' kit, while supervised by Master Sgt. Paul Horton, 21st CES EOD flight chief Jan. 10 at Fort Carson.  Exercises like this are designed to expose Airmen to the physical and mental fatigue experienced while deployed. The Airmen from the 21st EOD flight use the training learned in these exercises to fulfill their role as a defensive force at home and while deployed. (U.S. Air Force photo/Staff Sgt. J. Aaron Breeden)

Staff Sgt. Jeremy Redfern works to remove unexploded ordnance from a building floor using a 'hook and line' kit while supervised by Master Sgt. Paul Horton at Fort Carson, Colo., Jan. 10, 2013. Redfern, an EOD technician, and Horton, an EOD flight chief are assigned to the 21st Civil Engineer Squadron. (U.S. Air Force photo/Staff Sgt. J. Aaron Breeden)

FORT CARSON, Colo. -- Master Sgt. Paul Horton, 21st Civil Engineer Squadron EOD flight chief demonstrates how to secure unexploded ordnance with a 'hook and line' kit during a training exercise Jan. 10 at Fort Carson. Exercises like this are designed to expose Airmen to the physical and mental fatigue experienced while deployed. The Airmen from the 21st EOD flight use the training learned in these exercises to fulfill their role as a defensive force at home and while deployed. (U.S. Air Force photo/Staff Sgt. J. Aaron Breeden)

Master Sgt. Paul Horton demonstrates how to secure unexploded ordnance with a 'hook and line' kit during a training exercise at Fort Carson, Colo., Jan. 10, 2013. Exercises like this expose Airmen to the physical and mental fatigue experienced while deployed. Horton, an EOD flight chief, is assigned to the 21st Civil Engineer Squadron. (U.S. Air Force photo/Staff Sgt. J. Aaron Breeden)

FORT CARSON, Colo. -- Staff Sgt. Jeremy Redfern, 21st Civil Engineer Squadron EOD technician, and his team prepare an area for the controlled detonation of recovered unexploded ordnance during a training exercise Jan. 10 at Fort Carson. Exercises like this are designed to expose Airmen to the physical and mental fatigue experienced while deployed. The Airmen from the 21st EOD flight use the training learned in these exercises to fulfill their role as a defensive force at home and while deployed. (U.S. Air Force photo/Staff Sgt. J. Aaron Breeden)

Staff Sgt. Jeremy Redfern and his team prepare an area for the controlled detonation of recovered unexploded ordnance during a training exercise at Fort Carson, Colo., Jan. 10, 2013. Redfern is a 21st Civil Engineer Squadron EOD technician. (U.S. Air Force photo/Staff Sgt. J. Aaron Breeden)

FORT CARSON, Colo. -- The blast from a controlled detonation of unexploded ordnance by Staff Sgt. Jeremy Redfern, 21st Civil Engineer Squadron Explosive Ordnance Disposal flight, and his team during an exercise Jan. 10 at Fort Carson. Exercises like this are designed to expose Airmen to the physical and mental fatigue experienced while deployed. The Airmen from the 21st EOD flight use the training learned in these exercises to fulfill their role as a defensive force at home and while deployed. (U.S. Air Force photo/Staff Sgt. J. Aaron Breeden)

Staff Sgt. Jeremy Redfern and his team destroy unexploded ordnance with a controlled detonation during an exercise at Fort Carson, Colo., Jan. 10, 2013. Redfern is a 21st Civil Engineer Squadron EOD technician. (U.S. Air Force photo/Staff Sgt. J. Aaron Breeden)

PETERSON AIR FORCE BASE, Colo. -- On a bitterly cold winter morning, explosive ordnance disposal technicians from the 21st Space Wing and 302nd Airlift Wing civil engineer squadrons conducted training exercises Jan. 10 at Fort Carson, Colo. These exercises were designed to simulate the mental and physical fatigues experienced while deployed.

With each breath visibly clinging to the air, the EOD techs shuffled 11 miles along a dusty road to their training grounds. The day was to be filled with exercises involving unexploded ordnance and improvised explosive devices, referred to as 'problems.' Each problem is tackled by a team of three and can take well over an hour to render safe, which is why team cohesion as EOD technicians is so important.

"The training gives you the ability to go, 'OK, I know his strengths, I know his weaknesses and he knows mine,' said Master Sgt. Paul Horton, 21st CES EOD flight chief. "You want to have your team to operate as smoothly and efficiently as possible, especially in combat, you're in a situation where you don't have time to work kinks out."

In addition to defusing problems while deployed, the 21st EOD technicians also fulfill their role here as a defensive asset.

"In the Air Force, it's all about offense. Well, we're a defensive asset," said Horton. "We're giving you a safe environment so that you don't have an explosive threat here on the base, whether it's a missile or a grenade or anything like that, that interrupts your ability to execute your mission."

Newly promoted Staff Sgt. Jeremy Redfern, 21st CES EOD technician, returned from his second deployment in November and understands the importance of these exercises.

"The training allows you to react quickly in really horrible situations," said Redfern. "You just turn everything off, and go back to training."

Redfern has deployed twice to Afghanistan during his five-year Air Force career, first to Helmand province with Horton, and most recently to the Ghazni province.

"Every EOD situation is different, but training takes the edge off to help counter a new situation," said Redfern. "It can be something as simple as remembering Sgt. Horton saying, 'Look at it from a different angle.'"

Providing training is especially important in a life-or-death career field like explosive ordnance disposal.

"We really try to hit our brand new staff sergeants coming up in training to be team chiefs," said Horton. "Historically speaking in EOD, you usually did not become a team leader until around the 6-10 year mark. Now we have to push them a little bit harder to get that training out because they don't have the time to develop over several years."

The EOD technicians deploy for six months at a time to areas notorious for IEDs, so training in a controlled environment is vital to provide the skills needed downrange.

While the training was designed to prepare the EOD techs for stressors while deployed, they must also understand the capabilities of their tools and how to respond when those items fail.

"We always call it the ability to adapt to any situation," added Horton. "Your tools can only carry you so far and especially when they break, they break at those key moments, how do you work around that, and that's when you have to work as a team."

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